Do you Know?

  • As per Greening Chandigarh Action Plan 2020; the total percentage of Green Cover in Chandigarh is 46.25 % as compared to 26% in 2001.




  • The state animal of Chandigarh is "Herpestes Edwardsi" aka ‘The Indian Grey Mongoose’.



  • The state bird of Chandigarh is  "Ocyceros Birotris" aka ‘The Indian Grey Hornbill’.



  • The state flower of Chandigarh is "Butea Frondosa" aka  " Dhak Flower".



  • The state tree of Chandigarh is Mango Tree (Mangifera indica).




  • Plastic debris affects at least 267 species worldwide, including 86% of all sea turtle species, 44% of all seabird species, and 43% of all marine mammal species.

    Source: sheet on Plastic Waste in India; Tehri 2018


  • The hole in the stratospheric ozone layer over the Antarctic the layer that protects people from harmful ultraviolet radiation is now the largest it has ever been and is not expected to recover until between 2060 and 2075.
Source: United Nations Environment Programme, 2007


  • Shredded plastic waste can be used in laying roads. For instance, Jambulingam Street in Chennai was one of India’s first plastic roads built in 2002. In 2015-16, the National Rural Road Development Agency laid around 7,500 km of roads using plastic waste.

Source: sheet on Plastic Waste in India; Tehri 2018




  • It takes half a barrel of crude oil to produce the rubber for just one truck tire.



  • Printing and writing papers can be recycled 7-12 times before the fibers become too short to use.

    Source: Environmental Paper Network, 2007. State of the Paper Industry
  • Co-processing of plastic in cement kilns offers a sound, environmentally viable mechanism to process non- recyclable, combustible plastic waste.
  • Methane is 72 times more potent than CO2 over the short term, as measured by the 20-year time horizon.


  • Plastic Waste Management Rules 2016 mandated the producers and brand owners to devise a plan in consultation with the local bodies to introduce a collect-back system. This system is known as the Extended Producers Responsibility (EPR).


  • Deforestation accounts for 25% of the annual emissions of carbon caused by human activity.
Source: Worldwatch Institute, 2006. Vital Signs 2006-2007.


  • An estimated 70% of the world’s coral reefs are now threatened or destroyed. More than 500 million people rely on coral reefs for essential goods and services. The U.N. Environment Programme estimates the overall value of coral reefs at $100,000600,000 per square.
Source: Worldwatch Institute, 2006. Vital Sign
  • Recycling saves 40-75% of the energy needed to produce virgin steel.

    Source: Worldwatch Institute, 2009. World Metal Production Surges.
  • Agriculture accounts for more than 70% percent of global water use.


  • About 40% of the nation’s rivers, 46% of lakes, and 50% of the estuaries are too polluted for fishing and swimming.


  • More than 2 million people globally die prematurely every year due to outdoor and indoor air pollution.
Source: United Nations Environment Programme, 2007


  • Twelve to 24 trees must be cut down to make 1 ton of paper.

Source: Conservatree, 2008.